Needless to say, grammatical and spelling errors in the essay should be absent – make every effort to this. In addition, you need to remember that you do not write for yourself, but for another person, so punctuation, the division into sentences and paragraphs, the general structure – all this should help the reader.
Avoid conversational elements:
- do not use abbreviations (don’t, there, it’s), always use the full form;
- do not use slang and colloquial terms (kid, a lot of / lots of, cool);
- write on the merits and do not deviate from the topic;
- try to avoid phrasal verbs (get off, get away with, put in – read more about phrasal verbs in our article), use single-word synonyms;
- Avoid too common words (all, any, every), be specific and accurate;
- Do not abuse brackets, exclamation marks.
Stick to academic style:
- if possible, avoid first-person personal pronouns (I, my, we, our);
- avoid too categorical judgments and generalizations;
- support what was said with quotations and data indicating sources;
in English, gender equality is important: if we are talking about an abstract person, use a person instead of a man. If possible, it is better to put the subject in the plural and use the pronoun they instead of he or she;
If possible, use the active voice, do not complicate the sentences. For example, instead of “Crime grew faster and the police began to show concern”, write: “The rapid increase in crime began to cause concern the police”).
Read more about active and passive voice in English.
Strive to give objectivity to the text:
use impersonal constructions: It is believed that … (“It is believed that …”), It cannot be argued that … (“Undoubtedly, …”);
use the passive voice if you do not want to specify the performer of the action: Tests have been conducted (“Tests were held …”);
use non-categorical verbs, for example: suggest (suggest, suppose, express opinion), claim (assert, state), suppose (assume, suppose, suppose);
to show your attitude to the issue, but to avoid personal judgments, you can use adverbs: apparently, arguably, ideally, strangely, unexpectedly;
use the modal verbs would, could, may, might, to soften the categorical;
to avoid generalizations, use the clarifying adverbs: some, several, a minority of, a few, many.